Christine is a trainer and behavior consultant. What does that mean?   From their web site:    "The

Force Free Training


Christine is a CPDT-KSA and CBCC-KA

 What does that mean?    From their web site:    "The Certification Council for Professional  Dog Trainers (CCPDT), established in 2001, is the leading independent certifying organization for the dog training profession. The CCPDT is at the forefront of the development of rigorous exams to  demonstrate mastery of humane, science-based dog training practices.   CPDT-KSA  is a certified trainer - both knowledge and skills assessed and CBCC-KA is a certified behavior consultant canine - knowledge assessed  

What does it mean that a test is psychometrically sound?

 All of our  teacher friends will recognize this:  "A sound examination meets two  important criteria: validity and reliability.  Validity is the term for  ensuring that the examination covers what it should cover.  That's the  process of item reviews and examination reviews described above.   Reliability refers to the consistent performance of the examination over  time.  A reliable examination is one in which, if you were to have two  groups of test takers who are similar in background and experience take  the same examination, their scores would be the same.  The reliability  coefficient on the last examination was 0.95, which demonstrates high  reliability." 

Deciding on a trainer for your canine companions

 Here are some  thoughts from the CCPDT web site:  "A couple of things should raise a  red flag in your assessment.   If the trainer focuses on a model of  dominance and submission-using language like "dominant" and "alpha"  --   or uses primarily punishment based methods, that trainer doesn't meet  the standards of science-based training."